Vocabulary:

(This list is by no means complete.)


 

Attacks                                                                                                         

Shomen Uchi  -  Vertical Strike to the Head                                 

Yokomen Uchi  -  Oblique Strike to the Head

Mune Tsuki  -  Punch to the Chest

Kuchi Tsuki  -  Punch to the Mouth

Kata Dori  -  Shoulder Grab

Ryo Kata Dori  -  Both Shoulder Grab

Ushiro RyoKata Dori  -  Rear Both Shoulder Grab

Katate Dori  -  One Side (same side) on hand Grab

Ryote Dori  -  Grabbing Both Hands

Ushiro Ryote Dori  -  Grabbing Both Hands Grab From The Rear

Katate Dori Ryote Mochi  -  Grabbing One Hand With Both Hands

Ushiro Tekubi Shime  -  One Hand Grab with Choke from the Rear

Kosa Dori  -  Cross Hand Grab

 


 

Techniques

Ikkyo (ude osae)  -  1st Principle

Nikyo (kote mawashi)  -  2nd Principle 

Sankyo (kote hineri)  -  3rd Principle 

Yonkyo (tekubi osae)  -  4th Principle 

Gokyo (ude nobashi)  -  5th Principle                                                                                                                    

Aiki Otoshi  -  Blending Drop                                                                                              

Hiji Jime  -  Elbow Lock

Irrimi Nage  -  Entering Throw

Juji Nage  -  Cross Shaped Throw

Kaiten Nage  -  Rotary Throw

Kokyu Nage  -  Breath Throw

Koshi Nage  -  Hip Throw

Kote Gaeshi  -  Wrist Twist

Shiho Nage  -  Four Directional Throw

Sumi Otoshi  -  Corner Drop

Tenchi Nage  -  Heaven and Earth Throw

Kokyu Tanden Ho  -  Centered Breath Method

Ashi Sabaki - Foot Movement

Tsugi ashi  -  Sliding Step

Ayumi Ashi  -  Alternating Step

Tenkan  -  Full Turn

Tenkai  -  About Face Turn

Ai Hanmi  -  Mutual Stance

Gyaku Hanmi  -  Opposite Stance

Shikko  -  Knee Walking

Seiza  -  Formal Seated Posture

Tai Sabaki - Body Movement

Tai no Henko  -  Body Turning

Omote / Irrimi  -  Front / Entering

Ura / Tenkan  -  Rear / Turning

Soto Mawari  -  Moving Outside One's Opponent

Uchi Mawari  -  Moving Inside One's Opponent

En no Irrimi  -  Circular Entering

Sankaku no Irrimi  -  Triangular Entering

Chokusen no Irrimi  -  Direct Entering

Mino uke  -  Raincoat way to recieve

Tegatana - Sword Hand

Jodan Kiri Hanashi  -  Upper Level "Cutting Off"

Chudan Kiri Hanashi  -  Middle Level "Cutting Off"

Gedan Kiri Hanashi  -  Low Level "Cutting Off"

Nagare Uke  -  Flowing Parry

Atemi / Ate Waza  -  Striking Techniques

Kasumi ho  -  "Mist" Meathod

Waza - Techniques

Kihon Waza  -  Basic Versions of Techniques

Nagare Waza  -  Flowing Versions

Ara Waza  -  Rigorous Versions

Oyo Waza  -  Applied Versions

Jiyu Waza  -  Free Style

Kaeshi Waza  -  Reversing Techniques

Henka Waza  -  Switching from One Technique to Another

Shime Waza  -  Choking Techniques

Suwari Waza  -  Seated Techniques

Ne Waza  -  Ground Techniques

Nage Waza  -  Throwing Techniques

Debana Waza  -  Attacking at the Start / Forestalling / Ikkyo principle

Nage  -  The One Who Throws / The Aikidoka Practicing the Technique

Uke  -  The One Who Receives / The Attacker

Uke Waza  -  The art of being a good attacker

Hanmi Handachi  -  Nage Seated, Uke Standing

Taninju Dori  -  Free Style with Multiple Uke

Taninsu Gake  -  Static Practice with Multiple Uke

 


 

Important Vocabulary

O Sensei  -  Great Teacher (Morihei Ueshiba, The Founder of Aikido)

Doshu  -  Head of the Art

Shihan  -  Master Instructor

Mitsugi Saotome  -  Uchideshi to O-Sensei / The Founder of Aikido Schools of Ueshiba

Sensei  -  Teacher / One who Came Before

Sifu  -  (Chinese version of 'Sensei')

Uchi Deshi  -  Inner Disciple / 24 hour attendant

Aikidoka  -  A Student of Aikido

Mudansha  -  A Kyu Rank Holder (any rank below Shodan)

Yudansha  -  Black Belt Rank Holder

Kyu  -  White Belt Rank

Dan  -  Black Belt Rank

Dai Sempai  -  Senior(s) with the Most Experience

Sempai  -  One's Senior

Kohai  -  One's Junior

Deshi  -  A Disciple

Gakusei  -  A Student (not a disciple)

Keiko  -  Practice (Class)

Shugyo  -  Training, Austerity (The Daily Struggle)

Ukemi  -  The Art of Falling

Sutemi  -  To sacrifice the Body (the art of taking breakfalls)

Suburi  -  Repetitive Strikes with a Weapon to Perfect Form

Suki  -  Opening, Point of Weakness

Deai  -  Timing

Maai  -  Distance

Nami  -  Wave

Musubi  -  Connection between Nage and Uke

Shoshin  -  Beginner's mind

Zanshin  -  Awareness of One's Surroundings & Situation

Zeshin  -  Focused and intense spirit

Haragei  -  Similar to Zanshin (lit. belly art)

Nen  -  One pointed concentration

 


 

Counting

Ichi/Sho  -  One/First

Ni  -  Two/Second

San  -  Three/Third

Shi/Yon  -  Four/Fourth

Go  -  Five/Fifth

Roku  -  Six/Sixth

Shichi/Nana  -  Seven/Seventh

Hachi/Hasso  -  Eight/Eight

Ku/kyu  -  Nine/Ninth

Ju/Jo  -  Ten/Tenth

 


Exercises

Jumbi Taiso - Aikido Exercises

Tenkan Undo  -  Turning Exercise

Irrimi Nage Undo  -  Entering Throw Exercise

Hasso Undo  -  Eight Directional Exercise

Saya Undo  -  Side Projection Exercise

Zenpo Undo  -  Two Directional Exercise

Tekubi Shido  -  Wrist Shaking

Ude Furi  -  Arm Swinging

Torifune / Furitama  -  Rowing Exercise / Body Shaking

Ama no Torihune/Furitama  -  Bird Boat of Heaven

Chinkan Kishin  -  Calm the Spirit and Return to the Divine

Ten no Kokyu  -  Breath of Heaven

Chi no Kokyu  -  Breath of Earth

Jin no Kokyu  -  Breath of Man

Makoto no Kokyu  -  True Breath

 


 

Conversation

Domo Arigato (gozaimasu)  -  Polite form of thank you (most polite)

Dozo  -  Please

Gomen nassai  -  I'm sorry, please forgive me for what I just did

Hai  -  Yes

Ie  -  No

O negai shimasu  -  Please assist me

Rei  -  Salutation, bow

Reigi  -  Etiquette

Sumimasen  -  Excuse me, for what I'm about to do

Giri  -  Obligation

Kore wa nan desu ka?  -  What is this?

Wakarimasen  -  I don't understand

 


 

Weapons

Bo  -  Staff

Jo  -  Short Staff

Hanbo  -  Very Short Staff

Yari  -  Spear

Naginata  -  Halberd

Bokken  -  Wooden Sword (same as Bokuto)

Shinai  -  Bamboo Practice Sword

Fukuro Shinai  -  Shinai covered in leather `bag' (Yagyu style)

Suburito  -  Heavy Wooden Sword for Suburi

Katana / Tachi  -  Japanese sword of particular length

Ken / To  -  Sword

Shin Ken  -  Live Sword (Sharp)

Iaito  -  Practice Steel Sword (Not Sharp)

Tanto  -  Knife

Kaiken  -  Knife


 

Weapon Techniques

Tachi Dori  -  Sword Taking

Jo Dori  -  Jo Taking

Tanto Dori  -  Knife Taking

Kumi Tachi  -  Paired Sword Training

Kumi Jo  -  Paired Jo Training

Jo / Ken no Riai  -  Staff / Sword Relationship Studies

Jo / Taijutsu no Riai  -  Staff / Body Relationship Studies

Ken / Taijutsu no Riai  -  Sword / Body Relationship Studies

Jo no Awase Ho  -  Joined Staff Training

Ken no Awase Ho  -  Joined Sword Training

Ken no Suburi  -  Repetitive Practice with Sword

Jo no Suburi  -  Repetitive Practice with Jo

Aiki Ken  -  Swordsmanship Based on Aikido

Aiki Jo  -  Short Staff Principles Based on Aikido

Tanren Uchi  -  Forging One's Center by Striking with Sword or Staff

 


 

Ken no Kamae Sword Stances

Jodan no Kamae  -  High Level Stance

Chudan no Kamae  -  Middle Level Stance

Gedan no Kamae  -  Low Level Stance

Hasso no Kamae  -  Eight Directional Stance

In no kamae -  (same as Hasso)

Gedan Hasso no Kamae  -  Low Eight Directional Stance (Waki Hanmi)

Seigan  -  Extended Chudan no Kamae (lit. five in a row)

Hitoemi  -  To Make One's Body Small

 


 

Jo no Kamae Staff Stances

Tate no Jo  -  Stand with the Staff

Sage Jo  -  Stand with Staff Under Arm

Honte no Kamae  -  Root Hand Stance (same as chudan with sword)

Gyakute  no Kamae  -  Reversed Hand Stance

Hiki Otoshi  -  lit. "elbow drop"

Ha no Henko  -  lit. " Turning Leaf"


 

 Jo Suburi Staff Exercises  (The first twenty)

Tsuki no Bu - Thrusts

Choku Tsuki  -  Middle Thrust                                                             

Gaeshi Tsuki  -  Twisting Thrust

Ushiro Tsuki  -  Rear Thrust

Choku Tsuki Gedan Gaeshi  -  Middle Thrust, Low Twist

Choku Tsuki Jodan Gaeshi  -  Middle Thrust, High Twist

Uchi no Bu - Strikes

Shomen Uchi Komi  -  Vertical Strike to the Head

Renzoku Uchi Komi  -  Continuing Strikes to the Head

Menuchi Gedan Gaeshi  -  Strike to the Head, Low Twist

Menuchi Ushiro Tsuki  -  Strike to the Head, Rear Thrust

Gyaku Yokomen Uchi Ushiro Tsuki  -  Reverse Oblique Strike to the Head, Rear Thrust

Katate no Bu - One Handed

Katate Gedan Gaesh  =   One Handed Low Twist

Toma Katate Uchi  =  Long Distance One Handed Strike

Katate Hachi no Ji Gaeshi  -  One Handed Figure EightTwist

Hasso no Bu - Figure Eight Shapes

Hasso Gaeshi  -  Figure Eight Twist

Hasso Gaeshi Uchi  -  Figure Eight Strike to the Head

Hasso Gaeshi Tsuki  -  Figure Eight Thrust

Hasso Gaeshi Ushiro Tsuki  -  Figure Eight Rear Thrust

Hasso Gaeshi Ushiro Uchi  -  Figure Eight Rear Strike

Hasso Haeshi Ushiro Harai  -  Figure Eight Rear Sweep

Nagare No Bu - Flowing Movements

Hidari Nagare Gaeshi Uchi  -  Left Flowing Strike, Strike

Migi Nagare Gaeshi Tsuki  -  Right Flowing Strike, Thrust